5 pillars of islam
The content of this page is derived from Nuces Mosque. There are five pillars in Islam that support Islam, just as pillars support a building. These pillars are forms of worship that Muslims have been prescribed by Allah (God Almighty), to maintain their beliefs. They are forms of worship that are obligatory on all Muslims, and each pillar has its own distinct quality of worship.
The declaration of faith consists of two parts. The core of Islam and the first part of the declaration is tawheed, or the belief that there is only one true God and that only He is worthy of worship.
“All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds, The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, Sovereign of the Day of Judgment. It is You alone we worship and You alone we ask for help. Guide us to the straight path; The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked Your anger or of those who are astray.” [Surah Al-Fatihah (The Opening) 1: 2-7] “Say, “He is Allah, who is One; Allah, the Eternal Refuge (whom all depend on). He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”[Surah Al-Ikhlas (Sincerity), 112: 1-4] “Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him…” [Surah An-Nisa (Women), 4:36] The second part of the declaration is affirming that Muhammad (peace be upon him) was the last Prophet and Messenger of Allah.
It is related from al-Hasan al-Basri that some people said, “Messenger of Allah, we love Allah,” so Allah revealed,
“Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” [Surah Ali Imran, (The Family of Imran), 3:31] The Shahadah is the first step in entering Islam. A person who sincerely recites the Shahadah, believing that there is only one true God and that only He is worthy of worship and that Muhammad was his Messenger, becomes a Muslim.
God Almighty orders prayers at five set times of day:
Salat al-fajr: dawn, before sunrise
Salat al-dhuhr: midday, after the sun passes its highest
Salat al-‘asr: the late part of the afternoon
Salat al-maghrib: just after sunset
Salat al-‘isha: between sunset and midnight
Muslims can pray anywhere, but it is especially good to pray with others in a mosque. Praying together in a congregation helps Muslims to create unity, realise that all humanity is one, and that all are equal in the sight of Allah. Prayers typically last approximately 6 to 12 minutes.
“Certainly will the believers have succeeded, they who are during their prayer humbly submissive” [Surah Al-Mu’minoon (The Believers), 23:1-2] “And seek help through patience and prayer, and indeed, it is difficult except for the humbly submissive [to Allah], Who are certain that they will meet their Lord and that they will return to Him.” [Surah Al-Baqara (The Cow), 2: 45-56] “Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find peace [rest].” [Surah Ar-Rad (The Thunder), 13:28]
“Zakat expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [Zakat] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveller – an obligation [imposed] by Allah . And Allah is Knowing and Wise.” [Surah At-Tawba (The Repentance), 9:60] “And whatever you give for interest to increase within the wealth of people will not increase with Allah. But what you give in Zakat, desiring the countenance of Allah – those are the multipliers.” [Surah Ar-Room (The Romans), 30:39] To learn more about zakat or how to calculate it, go to http://www.islamicity.com/mosque/Zakat/
“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.” [Surah Al-Baqara (The Cow), 2:183] “The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.”[Surah Al-Baqara (The Cow), 2:185] For more information on fasting, go to http://www.islamicity.com/articles/Articles.asp?ref=IC0311-2133.
“And complete the Hajj and ‘umrah for Allah, but if you are prevented, then [offer] what can be obtained with ease of sacrificial animals…” [Surah Al-Baqara (The Cow), 2:196] “And proclaim to the people the Hajj; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass. That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known days over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals. So eat of them and feed the poor.” [Surah Al Hajj (The Pilgrimage), 22: 27-28] For more information on Hajj, go to http://www.islamicity.com/mosque/Hajj/.
6 Articles of faith
The content of this page is derived from the Nuces Mosque. The six articles of faith are collectively the creed of Islam. If the five pillars support Islam like pillars support a building, the six articles of faith are the foundation upon which those pillars stand. Without each of those components, a building is incomplete. The six articles of faith sum up the basic theology of Islam: the belief in one God, His Angels, His Messengers, His Books, Divine Predestination, and the Day of Resurrection.
“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.”[Surah Adh-Dhariyat (The Winds That Scatter), 51:56] Everything we have is because it is sustenance from the Creator: life, death, air to breathe, food to eat, water to drink, the ability to think, success and failure. Muslims worship and give thanks to Allah because without His sustenance, all existence would vanish.
‘Islam’ is an Arabic word which literally translates into ‘submission’ in English, so belief and submission to the one true God, Allah (God Almighty) is the purpose of this life.
We have the natural inclination to thank those who do favours for us, or those who give gifts to us. What is life if it is not a gift, and what is everything around us (our sustenance) if it is not a favour? It only makes sense to worship and thank the one Creator for our existence.
The most well-known Angel in Islam is Jibril (Gabriel), who brought most of the Quran and revelations from God to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Angel of Death collects the soul from the human body [Surah As-Sajda (The Prostration), 32:11). The Angels – Kiraaman Katibeen (the Noble Writers) – reside at the right and left shoulders and respectively record each person’s good and bad deeds [Surah Al-Infitar (The Cleaving, Bursting Apart), 82: 10-14]. The Angels Munkar and Nakir question each soul in the grave. The Angel Malik distributes punishments in Hell [Surah At-Tahrim (The Banning, Prohibition), 66:6].
In Islam, Satan is NOT a fallen Angel, rather a jinn created from smokeless fire. All Angels are created from light and do not have free will; they follow the commandment of God. Because Angels are the messengers and servants of Allah, the belief in the Angels is obligatory upon all Muslims.
Qadr is knowing that God created everything and that He knows His creation’s actions even before they do them.
“Do you not know that Allah knows what is in the heaven and earth? Indeed, that is in a Record. Indeed that, for Allah , is easy.” [Surah Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage), 22:70] However, God has still given us all free choice. We have the power to make our own decisions; God just knows what we will decide before we do so.
“He has created everything, and has measured it exactly according to its due measure.” [Surah Al-Furqan (The Criterion, The Standard), 25:2] In the case of sleep, insanity, or forgetfulness, a person is no longer acting by their own free choice because they are not aware of their actions, thus their actions are not part of free choice but rather what God has decreed to happen.
From Taawoos who said, ‘I found some Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying, ‘Everything is by Qadr (measure).’ And he further said, “I heard ‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Umar – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – as saying, ‘There is a measure for everything – even for incapacity and capability.” [Related by Muslim (no.6419)]
“I swear by the Day of Resurrection, and I swear to the reproaching soul [to the certainty of resurrection]. Does man think that We will not assemble his bones?” [Surah Al- Qiyama (The Resurrection), 75:1-3] In this world, the nature of the justice system is seen as a reward and punishment system. To simply put it, we are rewarded for good actions and good behaviour, and punished for crimes and bad behaviour.
The Day of Judgment will be conducted in a similar fashion. On the Day of Judgment, every human being will be held accountable for every good and bad deed he or she did, regardless of how small or great the deed was [Surah Al-Qamar (The Moon), 54:52-53].
And on that day,
“We will seal over their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their feet will testify about what they used to earn” [Surah Ya-Seen (Ya-Seen), 36:65].
On the Day of Judgment it will be decided whether a soul will enter Heaven or Hell, determined by the records of deeds and the testimonials of that person’s body.
The belief in the Day of Resurrection and Judgment is a fundamental part of Islam. It is the direct consequence of our actions in the world and the strength of our faith in God. It is the end result of how we understand our purpose in life.
The Noble Prophet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) last sermon
This Sermon was delivered on the Ninth Day of Dhul Hijjah 10 A.H in the ‘Uranah Valley of Mount Arafat
“O people! Listen to what I say. I do not know whether I will ever meet you at this place after this year. Your blood, your property and your honor are as sacred as this day, this month and this city (i.e., Makkah and the surrounding areas).
“Behold! All practices of paganism and ignorance are now under my feet. The blood revenge of the Days of Ignorance (pre-Islamic time) are remitted. The first claim on blood I abolish is that of Ibn Rabi‘ah bin Harith who was nursed in the tribe of Sa‘d and whom Hudhail killed. Usury is forbidden, and I make a beginning by remitting the amount of interest which ‘Abbas bin ‘Abdul Muttalib has to receive. Verily, it is remitted entirely.
“O people! Fear Allâh concerning women. Verily you have taken them on the security of Allâh and have made their persons lawful unto you by Words of Allâh! It is incumbent upon them to honour their conjugal rights and, not to commit acts of impropriety which, if they do, you have authority to chastise them, yet not severely. If your wives refrain from impropriety and are faithful to you, clothe and feed them suitably.
“Verily, I have left amongst you the Book of Allâh, if you hold fast to it, you shall never go astray.”
“O people, I am not succeeded by a Prophet and you are not succeeded by any nation. So, I recommend you to worship your Lord, to pray the five prayers, to fast Ramadan and to offer the Zakat (poor-due) of your provision willingly. I recommend you to perform the pilgrimage to the Sacred House of your Lord (Hajj) and to obey those who are in charge of you, then you will be awarded to enter the Paradise of your Lord.”
“And you will be asked about me, what are you going to say?”
“We bear witness that you have conveyed the Message and fulfilled your mission.”
He then raised his forefinger skywards and then moved it down towards people while saying:
“O Allâh! Bear witness.”
He said that phrase thrice.
Taken from: Ar-Raheequl Makhtum, The Sealed Nectar, Biography of the Noble Prophet, Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam by Saifur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri pp. 905-909